Kevin Gosztola Russia Surveillance

Snowden’s Russian Citizenship: Establishment Response Illustrates Why He Hasn’t Returned Home

Among other wishes, Snowden opponents want to see the NSA whistleblower deployed to the Russian front, captured by Ukraine and returned to the US.

By Kevin Gosztola / The Dissenter

A menagerie of Cold War liberals and neoconservative pundits with backgrounds in United States military or security agencies voiced their objections to Russia granting citizenship to NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden.

The response was not as intense as the freakout that occurred when it looked like there was a distinct possibility that President Donald Trump would pardon Snowden. Nonetheless, the hostility expressed illustrated exactly why Snowden has not returned to his home country.

Snowden and his wife Lindsay applied for citizenship in November 2020 to ensure that they would never be separated from their firstborn son. They now have two children.

On September 26, nearly two years later, 72 foreigners, including Snowden, were granted citizenship as part of a decree. He did not denounce, or renounce, his US citizenship. The whistleblower remained a US citizen.

Mike Rogers, a former US congressman and stalwart NSA defender, declared, “With Russia granting Snowden citizenship, Moscow proved what already knew was true: that his treasonous actions directly harmed US security for the benefit of [President Vladimir] Putin’s regime. Perhaps, he’ll now be eligible for mobilization for the regime he serves.”

When he was the chair of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, Rogers put on a show trial with intelligence officials, including the NSA director. It took place just days after Snowden’s first disclosures in June 2013, and Rogers tried to cast Snowden as a Chinese spy.

“Traitor Edward Snowden has finally been offered Russian citizenship after pretending for years he was not a Russian agent,” sneered Fred Fleitz, a former National Security Council chief of staff and CIA analyst who is the vice chair of the America First Policy Institute’s Center for American Security.

“Now Snowden can advise Putin on the ‘military operation’ in Ukraine. Hopefully a future Russian government will deport him to the US so he can stand trial.”

‘It Would Be Justice If Snowden Was Deployed’ To Ukraine—And Captured


A common reaction among those upset that Snowden was granted citizenship involved wishing that Putin would conscript him and deploy the NSA whistleblower to the frontline of the war in Ukraine.

This was encapsulated in a comment from Paul Rieckhoff, the founder of Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America (IAVA). “In case any of you Snowden defenders still questioned where his loyalty lies—This is Putin playing Putin games. Fuckery always. It would be justice if Snowden was deployed to the front by Russia, captured by Ukraine, and returned to the US to be tried.” [fingers crossed emoji]

Rieckhoff added emphasis to the remark with a fingers crossed emoji.

Former CIA director John Brennan who is a national security pundit for MSNBC was asked by host Andrea Mitchell, “what is more dangerous? Edward Snowden now a Russian citizen with whatever knowledge he may have had already put out, or former President Donald Trump, who says he can declassify by just doing sort of a Carnac the Magnificent, and thinking that something is declassified.”

It was a perfect setup for Brennan to speak to the Vote Blue No Matter Who crowd and help them figure out if their loathing for Trump should be balanced out with some disgust for Snowden.

Though Brennan did not really answer the question,  he said Snowden “has been traitorous since he left the United States several years ago. I’m sure he has shared with the Russians probably all that he already knows about US intelligence.” He then called Trump “delusional” without saying if one was more “dangerous” than the other.

Snowden made it clear in 2013 that he took none of the secret files he shared with journalists with him when he fled Hong Kong.

Joe Biden, when he was vice president in President Barack Obama’s administration, was directly involved in contacting world leaders in June 2013 to discourage them from offering Snowden asylum. The State Department revoked his passport, and he became trapped in a Moscow airport.

In his memoir, The World As It Is, Obama national security adviser Ben Rhodes shared, “Reportedly, [Snowden] wanted to go to Venezuela, transiting through Havana, but I knew that if the Cubans aided Snowden, any rapprochement between our countries would prove impossible.”

Rhodes pulled Alejandro Castro, a Cuban minister, aside and said he had a message from Obama. “I reminded him that the Cubans had said they wanted to give Obama ‘political space’ so that he could take steps to improve relations. ‘If you take in Snowden,’ I said, ‘that political space will be gone.’”

Threats to leaders, particularly against countries in the Global South, worked. US government officials succeeded in limiting Snowden’s choices to returning home for a trial that could result in a lengthy prison sentence or living in a country, where it would be easy to undermine his whistleblowing by smearing him as an agent of Russia.

‘All Part Of A Years-Long Russia-Supported Effort To Upend The West’


Putin granting Snowden citizenship was an invitation for some prominent individuals to use their influence to promote wild conspiracy theories about how this was all part of some grand plan put in action nearly a decade ago.

Dave Troy, a New America Foundation think tank fellow, proclaimed, “It’s time for us to come to grips with the fact that the Snowden, [Glenn] Greenwald, [Julian] Assange ops are all part of a years-long Russia-supported effort to upend the West.” His tweet received over 22,000 likes.

The plea for people to connect the dots was cheered by Republican Representative Adam Kinzinger, who has won respect among the Democratic Party establishment (much like Representative Liz Cheney) simply because he voted to impeach Trump.

“This is absolutely correct. All those Rand Paul-types who praised these traitors were damaging America’s security. Snowden revealed so many secrets to Russia it likely cost American lives,” Kinzinger contended. “Secrets that had nothing to do with American citizens’ information. Enjoy Russia clown.”

US security agencies never have specifically suggested that Snowden’s whistleblowing resulted in the death of Americans.

As for the idea that his whistleblowing did not involve American citizens’ information, Kinzinger knows that is not true. In 2015, he voted for the USA FREEDOM Act. It was modest surveillance reform passed in response to the backlash following exposure of the NSA’s mass phone surveillance program, which a federal appeals court concluded was illegal.

Kinzinger supported the legislation, despite being a big supporter of the PATRIOT Act that enabled the rise of unchecked surveillance of all communications.

For what it’s worth, numerous establishment media organizations published headlines that referred to Snowden as a “US whistleblower.”

The Washington Post, on the other hand, which won a Pulitzer Prize for their reporting on the Snowden documents, refused to call their source a whistleblower.

The ‘Fateful Choice’ Made By Snowden


NSA whistleblower Thomas Drake, who partly inspired Snowden to blow the whistle, had an appropriate response to the charlatans posturing as experts.

Drake noted that Snowden “faced decades in prison as a consequence of disclosing to the press” documents that, though highly classified, were in the public interest because they contained details of “far-reaching and indiscriminate mass surveillance.” It exposed the security state’s “‘collect it all’ mentality.”

The US government predictably charged Snowden with violating the “draconian, strict liability Espionage Act.” He could not raise a public interest defense to the accusations that he committed a “national security crime” while “exposing state crimes.”

Drake added, “He left the US in an admittedly desperate but understandable attempt—with no guarantees—to seek some measure of safety and freedom from the long arm of US, and the real threat of rendition.”

Faced with the “stark dilemma” of life in Russia after failing to secure asylum elsewhere, according to Drake, Snowden chose to live “under less than ideal conditions” so his family could avoid the hardship and suffering that families have endured when their loved ones are prosecuted unjustly under the Espionage Act.

“People can argue [the] merits of him staying and facing the music in US, even if he was looking at [the] near certainty of many years in prison. But given what he saw happen to myself and other whistleblowers, he made the fateful choice to leave US and live with those consequences and realities,” Drake concluded.

Kevin Gosztola
Kevin Gosztola

Managing editor of Shadowproof, host of the “Dissenter Weekly,” co-host of the podcast “Unauthorized Disclosure,” and member of Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ)

13 comments

  1. Snowdon is a Hero among Heroes like Assange etc. enough cannot be said of teh evil empire and axis of evil the US Great Britain and Israel. Its time peace broke out worldwide and the light of truth blinded the darkness they bring upon us all.

  2. Good report Kevin. I think Snowden did us a public service and the Am. officials should be investigated and punished instead of him.

    Men like Bush and Cheney starting illegal wars of aggression, men like Obama and Biden and Trump continuing those illegal wars, etc. are the real culprits destroying America and the world. They all should have been impeached and removed from office.

    We are living in a world controlled by smart old men (usually) who cannot “think.” And they are on their way to destroying our planet unless we stop them.

    Peace!
    Buzz Davis, Vets for Peace in Tucson

  3. The thing I like about Snowden is that he is not an attention seeker and not trying to be a martyr. He just gets on with his own life. Unlike somebody I could name.

  4. The choice seems clear: do we want old fashion corporate/authoritarianism; or neo-fascist, so-called Christian/fascism? Neither is what they appear to be, they are much more insidious…

    1. We want socialism. We want Julian Assange free and with his familly and continuing his work of exposing the war criminals. That’s what we want.

  5. Well, let’s see – who’s better off, Snowden in Russia, or Assange in Britain – tough one, eh?

  6. The USA is already, to the detriment of all except a selection of the very rich, in charge of the globe. This is not enough, and it is never satisfied , but must destroy anyone who impedes its continuing destructive path. Violence, bribery, takeovers of governments, dirty tricks, assumption that this is the only way. NEVER can cooperation, especially with “rivals” like China or Russia,or even the EU, be tolerated. In living memory none of the wars on other lands have been justified and certainly not won, but the idea of peace is horrifying for the US “administrations”. Are they happy? Ask the real people, not the neocons and the herds under the control of “social media” and the MSM.

  7. A nation founded on lofty principles who gave the world a lot of hope for freedom and democracy has degenerated into a Mafia of swindlers and manipulators wanting to control all the finances of the world and lord it so that their few deranged masters can have it all. They have full control at this stage with the most powerful military and economic power to sanction and defraud any state that does not sing their song. They are in full control of their public which is barely breathing under the onslaught of heavy inflation and diminishing wages and relentless pressure to do more with less.
    But you can’t have it all and still behave like a gangster. The world is waking up and will no longer abide by the dictates of Washington.

  8. Yes, excellent reporting by Kevin Gosztola! I note Jim Dildine’s comment; “Do we want old fashion corporate/authoritarianism; or neo-fascist, so-called Christian/fascism?”Since reading Chris Hedges for a while I am personally coming to the view that the two are linked if not actually the same thing;! Were you about to give us some other options, Jim?
    And what is now the American dream ? To go from being a little boy flying a kite and thinking perhaps of the Wright Brothers, to growing up to be a “man” flying a drone around looking for people to kill with it. Daniel Hale repented of that career and now he’s in prison. Along with the man who reported this type of behaviour, Julian Assange, a martyr to free speech. Contrary to Dave Troy, mentioned, Russia doesn’t need to have a program to “upend” the West when the West cannot maintain rectitude in actually carrying out the goals it claims to “stand” for. It cannot stand upright in the light of truth. It seems the Military Industrial Complex has not the slightest interest in any notion of what peace could or should look like. We’ve gone to the brink of nuclear war with a KGB colonel turned superpower president just so as to shift some stock of weapons to a country with which none of us are in treaty. Despite two world wars triggered in the same way with countries with which we were in treaty. If we get away without a nuclear conflagration, will the US pour in funds for reconstruction? Maybe, but who will bring the Siberian mothers back their dead sons? Putin is now calling the Western powers “satanic”, but he also should repent, and go and pray for forgiveness for his sins, perhaps somewhere nice like Salisbury Cathedral, which his poisonous agents said they went to see. I hope they showed him what it looked like when they got back, a symbol of the peace of Christ.

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