Dan Siegel Original

White Supremacy Is Only Plausible Explanation for 2020 Election Results

Voter polling on racism and Black Lives Matter show it was the biggest factor in Republican victories across the country.
Members of the Proud Boys set fire to a Black Lives Matter banner from Asbury United Methodist Church in Washington, Dec. 12, 2020. [Victor J. Blue/The New York Times via CNN]

By Dan Siegel / Original to ScheerPost

Polls and pundits predicted that Joe Biden would beat Donald Trump in an overwhelming landslide and that Democrats would win a majority in the Senate. Susan Collins and other vulnerable Republicans had little to no chance of re-election. But, without minimizing the importance of Trump’s defeat, the Republicans won the election. The Democrats have only a slim chance to control the Senate by winning two January run-offs in Georgia and lost a large part of the House majority they won in 2018. The state legislatures controlled by the Republican Party remain so.

In Texas, where my son Mike Siegel ran a strong campaign for Congress in a gerrymandered seat created for the conservative Republican incumbent, the Democrats lost everything – the Presidential ballot, a U.S. Senate seat, seven Congressional races that the Democratic Party prioritized on its “red to blue” list, and the effort led by Beto O’Rourke to overcome Republican domination of the state legislature. Just prior to November 3, the Democrats were optimistic about their chances in Texas, even predicting that Biden could beat Trump. Instead, he lost by 5.6 percent.

Part of the explanation is that Texas Republicans out organized the Democrats, registering new voters and getting them to the polls to avoid a repeat of their 2018 losses. In Mike Siegel’s race, 405,000 votes were cast for him and the incumbent compared with just 301,000 in 2018. Mike’s vote total easily exceeded his consultants’ win number. The issue was not money. Both parties had plenty. 

Within the Democratic Party, some centrists are claiming that candidates’ support for the Green New Deal and Universal Health Care, along with activist calls to defund the police, turned moderate voters against the Democrats. But if that were true, moderate Democrats would have fared better than more progressive candidates in similar races. No evidence supports that conclusion. In California, the Republicans defeated four moderate Democrats elected in 2018.

One columnist actually argued that Trump appealed to white, working-class voters in states like Pennsylvania because they could relate to his fondness for fast food. But the reality is one deeply rooted in 250 years of slavery and 150 more of failed Reconstruction, savage violence, Jim Crow, and modern discrimination. Trump and the Republicans mined the deep vein of white supremacy that has defined U.S. politics since the first Pilgrims began slaughtering the Indigenous people whose land they stole and the first slave ships arrived to enable white planters to create the wealth underlying the success of the American project.

Members of the National Socialist Movement, one of the largest neo-Nazi groups in the United States, hold a burning swastika after a rally on April 21, 2018, in Draketown, Georgia. [Photo by Spencer Platt / Getty Images]

Analysis of the election results in the context of US history confirms this conclusion. The election was close only because Trump won overwhelmingly among white voters, who cast two-thirds of the votes nationally. Trump won 58 percent of the white vote, including 55 percent of white women, a surprise to those who believed that his crude, overt misogyny would doom Trump’s support among women. Biden won 71 percent of the nonwhite vote. Trump even won among young white voters ages 18-29, by 53-44, while Biden won in that age group overall, 60-36.

Education was an important predictor of how people voted. Trump won narrowly among white male college graduates, 51-48, while winning overwhelmingly, 70-28, among white men without college degrees. Family income was less important. Biden won the majority at all income levels, except for those making between $100,000-$200,000 annually. Trump was more successful among people who said they were doing better financially than four years ago.

The key to Trump’s success was his support among white voters who described themselves as evangelicals or “born again” Christians. This group made up 28 percent of the electorate, and Trump won 76 percent of their votes, his largest bloc by far. Biden won among all other voters by a margin of 62-36. In other words, Trump’s near victory was the result of his support by white evangelicals. 

Trump won a majority of the votes in 15 of the 17 states where evangelicals make up 21 percent or more of the population, all but Virginia and Georgia. Trump won 53 percent of the vote in the South and 51 percent in the Midwest, the regions where most evangelicals live.

The most striking metrics demonstrating the correlation between voters’ beliefs and their support for Trump compare attitudes on racism and the Black Lives Matter movement.

This is not to suggest that all white evangelicals are racists or that white supremacy is the only issue that unites them. Many working class voters throughout the country have suffered economically due to the deindustrialization of the American economy, and Trump was adept at hearing and echoing their resentment of Washington elites of both parties. However, the most striking metrics demonstrating the correlation between voters’ beliefs and their support for Trump compare attitudes on racism and the Black Lives Matter movement. Sixty-nine percent of voters say that racism is an important problem in the U.S. These voters supported Biden, 68-30. The voters who believe that racism is a minor problem supported Trump 84-14. Voters with favorable and unfavorable attitudes about Black Lives Matter split along almost identical lines. The most accurate predictors of who would vote for Trump were (1) identifying as White; (2) membership in evangelical churches; (3) residence in the South or Midwest; and (4) attitudes about the importance of racism.

A protester carries a U.S. flag upside down as he walks past a burning building in Minneapolis on May 28, 2020, during a protest over the death of George Floyd, a Black man who died after a white Minneapolis police officer pressed a knee into his neck for several minutes. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

Race has been the fulcrum of American politics since before the 1830s, when the abolitionist movement began gaining traction. The vast majority of whites in both the South and the North opposed efforts to free the slaves. Their racist views were championed and justified by Southern Presbyterian ministers such as Robert Dabney, who sermonized about the “righteousness” of slavery and argued that opposing slavery was “tantamount to rejecting Christianity.” Pro-slavery ministers included Baptists, Methodist Episcopalians, traditional Episcopalians, and even Methodists, whose founder, John Wesley, condemned slavery. The president of Dartmouth College, Nathan Lord, proclaimed that criticism of slavery was “dishonorable to God, and subversive of his government.” 

In this environment it is no wonder that the radical abolitionist Frederick Douglass, who channeled the Old Testament prophets Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the second Isaiah in his speeches for over 50 years, reserved special scorn for the hypocritical Christian churches. Today’s evangelicals are more cautious in their language, but there can be no doubt that the pro-slavery pastors of the 18th century were the spiritual and doctrinal ancestors of today’s Jerry Falwells, Franklin Grahams,  and the white evangelicals who provided Trump with almost half of his vote.

White evangelicals justified their support of slavery with a variety of racist tropes, claiming that enslaved Africans were intellectually inferior, inherently violent, and sexually aggressive. Nothing terrified supporters of slavery so much as slaves learning to read and write, which both disproved arguments about their intellectual inferiority and helped create the basis for Blacks to begin accumulating the financial, social, and political capital necessary to achieve equality. 

The Civil War began in April 1861 when southern traitors began their armed effort to secede from the United States. The North fought back, not because it wanted to abolish slavery, but instead to save the Union. The first two years went poorly for the North. Abolitionists led by Douglass insisted that President Lincoln redefine the North’s objectives to include the demand to abolish slavery and to admit Black freemen and escaped slaves into the Union army. Finally, in 1863 Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation to end slavery and welcomed Blacks into the Union Army. By the end of the war, about 200,000 Blacks had fought in the Union Army and Union Navy, about 10 percent of the total Union forces.

The tide of the war turned gradually in the North’s favor after the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863 until its victory in 1865. Congress passed and the states ratified the Thirteenth (1865), Fourteenth (1868), and Fifteenth (1870) Amendments to the United States Constitution, abolishing slavery, proclaiming equal rights for all Americans, and protecting the right to vote. But the momentum for Reconstruction essentially died with Lincoln, whose successor, Vice President Andrew Johnson, was more concerned about reconciliation with the southern states and their treasonous leaders than in protecting the freed slaves. Today’s fights about preserving statutes of traitors like Robert E. Lee and continuing to name military bases after Confederate generals are echoes of Johnson’s efforts at reconciliation.

After Lincoln’s assassination in 1865, the only 19th-century president who attempted to enforce the rights of Blacks to vote and hold office and to punish the Confederate states for their crimes was Ulysses S. Grant. By the time he left office in 1876, the fight was over. Conciliation with the former insurrectionists and rampant political corruption dominated US politics through 1900. Abolitionists like Douglass and elected Black leaders in the southern states fought unsuccessfully to continue Reconstruction until the 1890s, demanding that the federal government protect the former slaves from rampant and uncontrolled mob violence, enforce the right to vote, and provide the resources to educate Blacks and provide them with land and the means to attain more than theoretical freedom. Their efforts were overcome by the system of sharecropping, which tied free Blacks to impoverishment at the same plantations where they had been held as slaves before the war. 

White southerners did everything possible–including murder–to keep African Americans from the polls after the Civil War. Efforts to suppress the black vote and resurrect white supremacy also led to the creation of hate groups like the Ku Klux Klan. (Image section from illustration in Newberry Library)

The new system of bondage was enforced by Jim Crow laws, which criminalized “idleness” among the former slaves, and especially by the terror of the KKK and other white supremacist gangs. The reign of terror continued unabated to the end of the 19th century. The worst year was 1892, when there were 230 recorded lynchings (161 Blacks, 69 whites), according to the records of Booker T. Washington’s Tuskegee Institute. The federal government stood by while the slaughter continued, a practice that continued well into the 1960s when white mobs murdered and brutalized civil rights activists.

Trump and his supporters tapped into the ideology of white supremacy that has always been with us. In the 20th century, the US elected an overtly racist president in Woodrow Wilson; tolerated murderous mob violence against Blacks in cities throughout the country; waged violent resistance to the civil rights movement in the 1960s; and experienced the transformation of the Republican Party, beginning with Nixon’s “southern strategy,” in 1968, and continuing with Ronald Reagan’s successful consolidation of it throughout the 1980s. And now, in the 21st century, despite the gains of the civil rights movement, we experience police killings of Black men on an almost daily basis to say nothing of the discrimination that impacts every aspect of American life, including public education, housing, healthcare, employment, family wealth and income, and even the handling of the coronavirus.

People shoot off fireworks in Washington’s Black Lives Matter Plaza while celebrating president-elect Joe Biden’s win over President Donald Trump to become the 46th president of the United States on Nov. 7, 2020. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)

The challenge ahead, not only for the Democratic Party, but for all people who want to see a peaceful, prosperous, democratic United States, is overcoming white supremacy. This is not a simple task with a single answer. As the 2020 election showed, white supremacy is far more than the snarling, threatening wannabes of the militias with their Army surplus camo and AR-16s. Much more importantly, it is present in the hearts and votes of people who appear as kind, hard-working people who love their families, their friends, and their football. The stalemate that currently defines American politics will be broken only when some substantial percentage of the white plurality breaks from its commitment to white supremacy. Of course that is easier said than done. The successes of the civil rights movement leveled the playing field as never before, but we have a long way to go.

The issue has never simply been about prejudice or racism. Again paraphrasing Frederick Douglass, the fight in the South was about economic and political power. Demagogues like Trump have always fanned the flames by appealing to a myriad of prejudices, but the issue since before the Civil War has been resistance to sharing the privilege that attaches to being white. In a period of relative economic decline characterized by the loss of well-paid blue-collar jobs, resistance increases as the pie to be shared shrinks.

Government policies can begin to overcome the economic hardship that fuels some measure of the resentment of white working class and poor voters threatened by equal opportunity for people of color and by immigrants. Education and experience will help as well. I was struck by the story of a Black New York Times reporter who wrote about the expressions of solidarity from whites as he jogged through his middle-class neighborhood following the murder of Ahmaud Arbery. In Oakland, where I live, hundreds of Black Lives Matter signs have sprouted in neighborhoods that are predominantly white. It is not surprising that racism is less a force in places where Blacks and Whites live together, work together, and send their children to the same schools.

As Stacey Abrams, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Mike Siegel, and organizations like Southern Crossroads, an alliance of membership-based organizations working for collective power and multi-racial alliances among poor and working class people in small towns across the South, maintain, the key to change is “deep organizing.” Contrary to the practice of the Democratic Party establishment, hearts and minds will not be won by television commercials and slick mailers. Face-to-face engagement, consistent practice, and hard work are necessary to change America’s political landscape. The alternative is the perpetuation of the current stalemate and continuation of the dynamic that prevents progressive change in the United States.

Dan Siegel
Dan Siegel

Dan Siegel is a civil rights attorney in Oakland.

Copyright 2020 Dan Siegel


  1. Institutionslized racism is nothing compared to institutionalized classism. The oligarchy that actually rules this country couldn’t care less whether we have a black native american latino gay transgender asian or white president in power. They just want them subservient and willing to serve them while ignoing the plight of the working poor. As far as they are concerned Donald Trumps only sin was serving his own interests first. Yes you will find signs of support for BLM in affluent gentrified white neighborhoods, who turned out in their protected enclaves to vote for Biden and their former chief prosector who threatened to jail the working poor parents of Oaklands truant school children, while wearing their amazon purchased nc95 masks. Every single day in the u.s. over twice as many poor whites are brutally murdered by our police, numbers that line up coincidentally with the numbers of poor whites vs poor blacks, which is oddly enough almost identical to poverty rates, twice as many poor whites as blacks. Good news for affluent black, latino, and transgender folks. Once you move on up your chances of being murdered by police or suffering diseases of despair drop by 95 percent. In closing I would like to point out that the only country on the planet with open slave markets was brought to you by Barry the drone and his evil side kick the Hilabeast. Another way of looking at that would be to say it took amerikas first half black preident and a woman to bring chattel slavery t.o the world.

    1. To be fair, the article was about how Republicans did so well in the election, not what the oligarchy cares about or how regular should people should identify their shared interests. These are systems, but voters have motivations and belief systems and elites/institutions use those when possible to manipulate outcomes. Poor whites have not consitently identified, historically, as sharing common cause with poor people of other racial/ethnic groups and have been open to stereotyping, scapegoating and believing that success is a zero sum gain where somebody else’s advancement insures their regression. There are man exceptions, but tribal identity is clearly persistent for whites in this country, even as it is extended to those new arrivals who will assimilate, when economic conditions allow/demand.

      A question: Why do you think poor whites do not organize to oppose police violence that so clearly affects them? Why are they not demanding to “defund” police forces that oppress rather than protect them?

      Small correction: Kamala Harris was never a prosecutor in Oakland, but in San Francisco.

      1. So the fact that Harris was prosecutor in SF negates her sordid legacy?

        To answer your question why dont poor whites rise up against police violence. For one thing many of us live our lives of desperation in rural areas where it is impossible to have say a large march. We are also more well indoctrinated and tend to still believe in the myth of the meritocracy. Like poor blacks we do go well out of our to avoid contact with the police ad we are terrified of them.

        The police murder poor people not middle class, or rich people, and they dont give a damn what color you are .

        Fox news election night results showed 72 percent of respondents are in favor of a government run health system aka medicare for all. Almost every dem that ran on that platform won the blue dogs lost.

        When the dems start supporting true progressives and stop suppor ting the likes pelosi, the clintons and obama then they might actually win some seats. That day by the way coincides with the day that my pet pig oscar flies

        When the corporates lackies we call the democrats actually do something to help poor whites like myself and stop telling us we are the source of all evil and poor blacks in flint deserve clean water when ipeople like myself have no water then we will listen. Until that day poor whites will continue to self medicate with our oxy and cheap booze, and some will inevitably be by drawn to demagogues like Trump and continue to ghost dance their way to MAGA.

      2. It is almost as if you have a speech you want to give and did not actually read the article. Did you?

        Progressive Democrats in Texas, including the author’s son who managed to bridge the gap between the labor movement and the New Green Deal and gain support from both, did NOT win, DESPITE HAVING THE MONEY, momentum and even positive polling. The deck was long stacked because of gerrymandering by the Republian legislature in Texas, but increased diversity and booming urban areas like Austin and suburban Houston were shifting things …. but in 2020 they were DESTROYED by rural and suburban WHITES of all economic levels who TURNED OUT IN THE MILLIONS to support libertarian and/or racist Republicans candidates. So, who is calling them dumb? You are! You say they are progressive and not racist, but they supported racists who argue for trickle-down economics!

      3. And so we are to believe only white people are tribal? Poor white people have lost their jobs to immigrants. Poor white and black americans are told to shut up and celebrate diversity while unscrupulous contractors hire undocumented immigrants for pennies on the dollar in the building trades and meat packing plants that used to be good union jobs. When we complain white liberals tell us we are zenophobic and racist pigs.

        We’re told by white liberal classist pigs that we should show some empathy while you demonize us.

        The death machine of capitalism kills. It will always look for the lowest labor cost. Before chattel slavery we had white indentured servants who were in fact slaves, but it proved to be more profitable to enslave africans, and that is the true evil, that we willing to enslave people just to save a few bucks.

      4. Humans are tribal.

        I don’t think this author demonizes poor white people. Quite the opposite.

  2. May I also add that neo liberal dribble like that offered by the author explains why the dems continue to fail. Being a poor white male senior citizen I take more than a bit of umbrage when I see classist dogma passing as intellectual discourse . I am neo cons and neo liberals worst nightmare a poor white who doesn’t believe other sides hateful rhetoric. I honestly cant beleive Scheer post allows this classist pig a voice. Try helping poor whites instead of demonizing them and see what happens, for gods sake, Malcolm X and MLK got but apparently white classist pigs posing as liberals did not ge t the memo! Medicare for all UBI and reparations for all poor people. End our wars prosecute the war crimminals including Obama, reparations to the victims of all our illegal wars, take every penny of the Sacklers and Bezos and stop allowing classist pigs a voice.

    1. The author is hardly classist because he identifies white supremacy as a real and powerful motivating force. There is nothing here that supports that argument. It would be easier to understand your argument if you cited content from the article that gave you this impression.

      And there is this: “Many working class voters throughout the country have suffered economically due to the deindustrialization of the American economy, and Trump was adept at hearing and echoing their resentment of Washington elites of both parties.”

  3. Yes! It’s as simple as that. Immigration, as an economic stimulus, continues independent of rhetoric, changing the white demographic. White supremacists, white privilege, white entitlement, or just the ‘insecure of the other’ all united with a well funded media. If you want to do a study on maintaining and protecting a cult, spend some time listening to ring wing media.

  4. [Moderated] No mention whatsoever of how astonishingly well (comparatively) Trump did with Black and Hispanic voters. Nope. Clearly all about white supremacy. I haven’t got time to do your homework for you, but a 30 second duckduckgo search leads to this:


    Its from the eminently credible 538.com. Its pre-election, but I’m sure you can find post election analysis that supports its conclusions. Like I said, I haven’t got the time to do your homework for you.


    1. Moderated for extreme rudeness.

      Trump did slightly better with certain minority groups and this may was a factor in a few areas. However, TRUMP LOST. This article is about why the Republicans, with an historically unpopular president who mishandled a pandemic, were able to do so well down ballot. While support among white men went down SLIGHTLY from 2016 to 2020 for Trump, white TURNOUT for Republicans nationwide surged to epic proportions, eclipsing in importance mild variations among all groups in percentage.

  5. An excellent reminder of our history! We must remember what we have done to our Black fellow Americans and correct the long-standing policies that have made their lives so hard. Also remember, we brought them here. They had no choice!

    1. Regardless of how much poor whites have suffered, nothing is comparable to the day to day violence and degradation experienced by black people. I consider myself to be a Marxist. Labor itself has been racist and sexist. We cannot jump over these contradictions.

  6. What an uphill battle! As a foreigner, I find the attitude of the USA under any Party to be greatly lacking in understanding of others, which is shown in the divisions within the USA, as Dan shows. Why does the USA want to dominate all other “sovereign nations” like Venezuela, and assume that different political values mean that a country like Russia, thirty years after the fall of communism (claimed as the reason for the hatred) has to be punished and blamed ? Why is NATO still regarded as having some value, when the whole USSR is gone? The USA seeks enemies, and chooses as allies Israel, whose pretence at democracy is risible, and the worst of the Islamist dangers, Saudi Arabia.
    The sad thing to my reading of it all is that the Democratic Party instead of trying to attract and hold those who are progressive, those who do not bother to vote because they see with good reason that they get no reward (look at the laws passed by the “Reps of the people”!) and those who would like peace, fairness, less inequality, decent housing, healthcare etc. Even poor Bernie, hardly a radical Leftie, was cast aside by the “centrists” who cannot believe in the needs of the people they allegedly consult.

    1. Yes but it’s russia and white supremacy that are the real problems. Geez didn’t you get the memo?

  7. Interesting article, America still believes in a “Glorious Past” history that glosses over all the racism instead of helping people see how it still hurts the country today.

    To me a good example of institutional racism is when people dismiss the idea of defunding the police. The dismissal shows that people don’t want to unpack the facts behind the saying and there is no discussion on how crime rates have fallen while money spent on policing continues to rise as if crime was rampant. Nor is there any talk about how that money could be better spent on schools and infrastructure. The dismissal turns into one of those either you are, “fer us or agin us,” situations that hide the real problems.

    1. Yes it was racism that caused Obama to vastly expand the 1033 program to supply our police with military weapons and then lie to blm and the public by telling us he was cutting funding for the program. I’ve seen pictures of kkk members holding assault rifles to michelle’s head threatening to shoot if barry didn’t give the police more weapons!

      1. These are the kind of silly strawman arguments that make it questionable if we should even try and have a comment section. The article, on a site which nearly constantly criticizes the Democratic Party as well as the GOP, is tackling the broad issue of why a Republican Party which has embraced white supremacists and outright racists and xenophobia at a level way beyond even Barry Goldwater has such powerful appeal in 2020 EVEN AS THE OTHER PARTY REPRESENTS A VERY SIMILAR ECONOMIC AND FOREIGN POLICY agenda. Do you have something to say about that, or did you just want to say “Barry” like it was clever?

      2. Did you take ignorance classes in school, or is it just a natural talent? I agree with some of your comments about class being an important matter that gets ignored in this society, but making patently ridiculous statements like this and engaging in spittle-flecked raving is not going to get anyone to listen to you and certainly won’t further progressive causes in America.

  8. perhaps the toddler who cried fraud, had a cheat in the works but it just wasn’t enough

  9. I would guess the proportion of white supremacists in the US is well under 1%. How much support do the Proud Boys have?

    I sadly feel I must declare this headline propaganda which is not at all supported by the statistics it quotes. Trump did considerably better with minorites in 2020 than in 2016, which is entirely incompatible with him being a white supremacist.

      1. Enlighten us. Does it mean pretending that racism isn’t real so all poor or working-class people face the exact same challenges?

      2. “White supremacy or White supremacism is the belief that white people are superior to those of other races and thus should dominate them.” — Wikipedia

        I lived for five years in a county that was 99% GOP and never heard anyone advocate or even hint at anything like this.

      3. Wikipedia? Argument over, huh? And people didn’t vocalize overt racism in suburban or middle-class or working-class America in 2020? Shocking!


        Those were all on the first page of a search in Google for “white supremacy”. Your search will get different results, and those articles encompass both embrace and criticism of the broadening of the term, but you could at least pretend to be remotely interested in the complex topic before taking such a bombastic position against the article and then bringing in Wikipedia as your backup.

  10. Mr. Siegel writes so clearly, I immediately went to Amazon to buy a book he’d written.

  11. Very well reasoned and I agree that white supremacy is a major factor in Trump’s support. That said, the white Evangelical vote, which clearly over laps (but not totally) with the white supremacist vote, is another major factor. Most analyses seem to support this common thread. I’m very doubtful that there is a way to reach out to these anti-Choice voters.

  12. As the white population becomes a minority in the US there seems only two ways things can go; either people can vote by class and their economic interests (which the US Establishment with bipartisan support oppose), or whites can start voting by Identity Politics for “white” interests, whatever that may be, however it becomes defined. In the last 11 Presidential Elections, Blacks have voted as a monolithic bloc by about 90:10 in favor of Democrats. Biden (despite being the author of the 1994 Crime Bill tripling Black incarceration, eliminating “welfare as we know it”, and aligning himself with republican segregationists) received 87% of the Black bloc vote. Whites do not self-identify (their “bloc” is about +15% Republican overall), but that will inevitably change particularly with the emphasis on Identity Politics. Hispanics are potentially a bigger political force than the Black Bloc, but at present vote about +30% Democrat, as do most other minorities. Is self interest going to be defined by racism, or by classism?

  13. Editor, that is one of the most insulting and patronizing responses I have ever received to an Internet post. I am cancelling my subscription .

    1. OK.

      I mean, it wasn’t supposed to be, so sorry. But we have to be able to have nuanced discussions on the meaning of words, frames of reference, etc. It is the classic white stance to say “not all cops are brutal,” “most while people are not racist,” “most rich people work really hard to get where they are,” and other nonnense that is “true” only in an extremely limited way that elides the much deeper truth of their complicity in systems that both benefit them and that are built on centuries of historical oppression and the exclusion of oppressed groups every minute of every day from opportunities which are advertised as being offered nondiscriminatory through every form of media humans digest.

      So, if your feelings were hurt, that sucks. But I still don’t think you get how white supremacy works and you should go study on that.

  14. White supremacy is precisely what has driven the liberals’ years-long pep rally for the (white) middle class. To them, American poverty has a black face, and liberal contempt for the poor has been a defining factor of the post-Reagan era.

  15. This is the third time I’ve re-read this article. I find its approach to the nuances it ferrets out of the election stats beguiling and compelling. Stunned at the support Trump received in the election, I have flip-flopped in my mind, over and over again, trying to figure out how so many of my fellow Americans could vote for this rude, ignorant liar. The answer is not simple, but Dan Siegel has put together a plausible interpretation of relevant statistics that harmonizes that ugly fact with what I know is true about what he terms white supremacy. I prefer to call it white fear of African Americans. Most of it goes unspoken and is constantly denied in myriad ways, but I know it’s there. And as Mr. Siegel aptly points out, it is obvious in our history.

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