china Jeffrey D. Sachs Opinion Russia

The West’s Dangerously Simple-Minded Narrative About Russia and China

The overwrought fear of China and Russia is sold to a Western public through manipulation of the facts.
President of Russia Vladimir Putin and President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping give statements for the press., CC BY 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

By Jeffrey D. Sachs / Common Dreams

The world is on the edge of nuclear catastrophe in no small part because of the failure of Western political leaders to be forthright about the causes of the escalating global conflicts. The relentless Western narrative that the West is noble while Russia and China are evil is simple-minded and extraordinarily dangerous.  It is an attempt to manipulate public opinion, not to deal with very real and pressing diplomacy.

The essential narrative of the West is built into US national security strategy. The core US idea is that China and Russia are implacable foes that are “attempting to erode American security and prosperity.” These countries are, according to the US, “determined to make economies less free and less fair, to grow their militaries, and to control information and data to repress their societies and expand their influence.”

The irony is that since 1980 the US has been in at least 15 overseas wars of choice (Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Panama, Serbia, Syria, and Yemen just to name a few), while China has been in none, and Russia only in one (Syria) beyond the former Soviet Union. The US has military bases in 85 countries, China in 3, and Russia in 1 (Syria) beyond the former Soviet Union. 

President Joe Biden has promoted this narrative, declaring that the greatest challenge of our time is the competition with the autocracies, which “seek to advance their own power, export and expand their influence around the world, and justify their repressive policies and practices as a more efficient way to address today’s challenges.”  US security strategy is not the work of any single US president but of the US security establishment, which is largely autonomous, and operates behind a wall of secrecy.  

The overwrought fear of China and Russia is sold to a Western public through manipulation of the facts. A generation earlier George W. Bush, Jr. sold the public on the idea that America’s greatest threat was Islamic fundamentalism, without mentioning that it was the CIA, with Saudi Arabia and other countries, that had created, funded, and deployed the jihadists in Afghanistan, Syria, and elsewhere to fight America’s wars.

Or consider the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan in 1980, which was painted in the Western media as an act of unprovoked perfidy.  Years later, we learned that the Soviet invasion was actually preceded by a CIA operation designed to provoke the Soviet invasion! The same misinformation occurred vis-à-vis Syria.  The Western press is filled with recriminations against Putin’s military assistance to Syria’s Bashar al-Assad beginning in 2015, without mentioning that the US supported the overthrow of al-Assad beginning in 2011, with the CIA funding a major operation (Timber Sycamore) to overthrow Assad years before Russia arrived.

Or more recently, when US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi recklessly flew to Taiwan despite China’s warnings, no G7 foreign minister criticized Pelosi’s provocation, yet the G7 ministers together harshly criticized China’s “overreaction” to Pelosi’s trip. 

The Western narrative about the Ukraine war is that it is an unprovoked attack by Putin in the quest to recreate the Russian empire.  Yet the real history starts with the Western promise to Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev that NATO would not enlarge to the East, followed by four waves of NATO aggrandizement: in 1999, incorporating three Central European countries; in 2004, incorporating 7 more, including in the Black Sea and Baltic States; in 2008, committing to enlarge to Ukraine and Georgia; and in 2022, inviting four Asia-Pacific leaders to NATO to take aim at China.

Nor do the Western media mention the US role in the 2014 overthrow of Ukraine’s pro-Russian president Viktor Yanukovych; the failure of the Governments of France and Germany, guarantors of the Minsk II agreement, to press Ukraine to carry out its commitments; the vast US armaments sent to Ukraine during the Trump and Biden Administrations in the lead-up to war; nor the refusal of the US to negotiate with Putin over NATO enlargement to Ukraine. 

Of course, NATO says that is purely defensive, so that Putin should have nothing to fear.  In other words, Putin should take no notice of the CIA operations in Afghanistan and Syria; the NATO bombing of Serbia in 1999; the NATO overthrow of Moammar Qaddafi in 2011; the NATO occupation of Afghanistan for 15 years; nor Biden’s “gaffe” calling for Putin’s ouster (which of course was no gaffe at all); nor US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin stating that the US war aim in Ukraine is the weakening of Russia.

At the core of all of this is the US attempt to remain the world’s hegemonic power, by augmenting military alliances around the world to contain or defeat China and Russia. It’s a dangerous, delusional, and outmoded idea. The US has a mere 4.2% of the world population, and now a mere 16% of world GDP (measured at international prices).  In fact, the combined GDP of the G7 is now less than that of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa), while the G7 population is just 6 percent of the world compared with 41 percent in the BRICS. 

There is only one country whose self-declared fantasy is to be the world’s dominant power: the US. It’s past time that the US recognized the true sources of security: internal social cohesion and responsible cooperation with the rest of the world, rather than the illusion of hegemony. With such a revised foreign policy, the US and its allies would avoid war with China and Russia, and enable the world to face its myriad environment, energy, food and social crises. 

Above all, at this time of extreme danger, European leaders should pursue the true source of European security: not US hegemony, but European security arrangements that respect the legitimate security interests of all European nations, certainly including Ukraine, but also including Russia, which continues to resist NATO enlargements into the Black Sea. Europe should reflect on the fact that the non-enlargement of NATO and the implementation of the Minsk II agreements would have averted this awful war in Ukraine. At this stage, diplomacy, not military escalation, is the true path to European and global security.

Jeffrey D. Sachs
Jeffrey D. Sachs

Jeffrey D. Sachs is a University Professor and Director of the Center for Sustainable Development at Columbia University, where he directed The Earth Institute from 2002 until 2016. He is also President of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network and a commissioner of the UN Broadband Commission for Development. He has been advisor to three United Nations Secretaries-General, and currently serves as an SDG Advocate under Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. Sachs is the author, most recently, of “A New Foreign Policy: Beyond American Exceptionalism” (2020). Other books include: “Building the New American Economy: Smart, Fair, and Sustainable” (2017) and The Age of Sustainable Development,” (2015) with Ban Ki-moon.


  1. An straight forward and factual summary of history. I predict this conflict between US hegemony and a multi polar word order will last fifty years, unless the nuclear option is exercised. Then it game over for all, contrary to the myth generate by the west “free” press.

    1. I agree with you Jim Gala. Thank you Scheerpost for publishing this article.

  2. This article misses the point – U.S. foreign policy (ALL policies, in fact) are being driven by the soulless corporation that has corrupted both major U.S. political parties & is constantly provoking wars so it can sell more weapons & other goods/services to militaries world-wide.

    1. Ya but, Americans and Westerners, on average, always swallow all the narratives, propaganda, and jingoism from MSM, M I complex, and their governments.
      There has never been any significant protests or meaningful opposition to American led wars. Only when unacceptable amounts of drafted college kids returned in body bags from Vietnam, that a general uprising occurred.
      After Vietnam, wars were basically fought by mercenaries or in other words, privatized and contracted.
      The rest of the world sees no difference in American people and their foreign policy and their wars.
      Mr. Sachs is right that : ‘ the world’s dominant power’ but also, nearly all of us are in on the action and we Westerners have indecent benefits from the wars, Hegemony, domination, and US$$. Generally we are all the cause and the blame.
      None of us will change.

      1. there is no difference—-the state always reflects the values and desires of its people—as both Durkheim and Hegel demonstrated

  3. assessment insufficient—when well fed rats like their cage they love their warden…”if you can get people to believe absurdities you can get them to commit atrocities”. Voltaire

  4. Thank you for putting this down all so clearly. It is frightening to know that most people in this country have no understanding of what is our government and both parties, are doing to make the world less safe.

  5. How one of the key architects of post-Soviet austerity and privatization, which caused untold suffering as life expectancy plummeted, has been rehabilitated into an acceptable voice is a modern mystery. There’s no paper trail or other evidence, it just *is*, not unlike Kissinger or Clinton (pick one).

    Jeff Sachs is a blood-soaked criminal. A website concerned with peace, cooperation, and well-being shouldn’t have anything to do with him.

    Prove me wrong.

      1. Jeff Sachs is correct.The evil rulers.of the US will.kill us all not take steps to stop.them.from.either blowing.up.the planet.or death.Climate Change.We know.they will will we.must.

  6. Sachs was responsible for much neoliberal pain inflicted on Russia on the past. In recent decades however he seems to have been behaving decently, perhaps trying to make amends. He was vocal in his opinion that covid 19 was a bioweapon drveloped by the US and released on China to damage its economy

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